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Henry Maynard and Mary Ann Grose

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Adams /
                      Tucker Ancestry
  Henry Evely Maynard, 1827-1910, and his wife Mary Ann (Grose) Maynard, 1832-1892

Northlew Church in Devonshire England

St. Thomas of Canterbury Parish Church in Northlew, Devonshire, England, where Henry was baptized in 1827
(photo by Wikipedian, Stephen Lea, 2006)

"Henry Evely Maynard" was baptized on 25 Nov 1827 in Northlew according to the Online Parish Clerk, Thomas Peeke. Henry was the oldest of eight children born to Robert and Sarah (Evely) Maynard. The 1841 census of Northlew lists Robert as a shoemaker (he is also listed as a shoemaker or cordwainer on the baptism records of his children including Henry). Henry, age 13, was not in his parent's household during the 1841 census but was living nearby with the Robert Evely family (Robert Evely was probably kin of Henry's mother, Sarah). About 1844 Henry, his parents and siblings joined the huge wave of emigration to Ontario, Canada, which took place from the 1820's to the 1850's. Most settled along a narrow strip of land along the shore of the St. Lawrence River or Lake Ontario. This is where "Henry E. Maynard" married "Mary A Grose" on 26 October 1849 at Darlington (in what is now in Durham County, Ontario). They were married by Thomas Green, minister of the Bible Christian denomination by publication of Banns.

Mary Ann Grose was born in January 1832 in Cornwall, England, probably in Gorran, which is where her parents, Joseph and Elizabeth (James) Grose, were from according to several family trees on Ancestry.com. Family letters indicate that Mary Ann had a brother named Edward, and a nephew named Archie Black who was a farmer on Scugog Island, and this information is consistent with those family trees. Also note that there is a Joseph Grose, presumably Mary Ann's father, in the 1851 agricultural census of Darlington (where Mary Ann and Henry married two years before).    

The 1851 census finds Henry, 30; Mary Ann, 24; and their infant daughter, Elizabeth, living a few miles from Darlington in Whitby Twp., Ontario County. Also living with them was one John Evely, 21, born in England (probably related to Henry's mother). Henry and John were listed as laborers. There were two flour mills and two saw mills in the vicinity according to census records, so Henry may well have worked in one of those mills. The 1851 census makes a distinction among dwellings of "Brick, Stone, Frame, Log, or Shanty", and Henry's family was listed as living in a one-room Shanty. There are a number of accounts of cabin and shanty construction from Ontario pioneers. One by Samuel Strickland ("Twenty-Seven Years in Canada West", 1853) describes building a one-room shanty: "My friend in Douro turned out the next day and assisted me to put up the walls of my shanty and roof it with basswood troughs, which was completed before dark. I was kept busy for more than a week chinking between the logs and plastering up all the crevices, cutting out a doorway and place for a window, casing them, making a door and hanging it on wooden hinges, &c....Four thick slabs of lime-stone, placed upright in one corner of the shanty with clay well packed behind them to keep the fire off the logs, answered very well for a chimney with a hole cut through the roof directly above, to vent the smoke." 

By 1861 Henry "Manard", Mary, and five children (Elizabeth, 11; William, 9; Mary, 7; Thomas, 4; and Sarah, 2) were living in a log home in Reach Twp., adjacent to Whitby Twp.  His occupation was still "laborer" at that time. Henry's brother, Thomas (and family) was listed on the same census page. Henry's parents and the rest of Henry's siblings had moved from Ontario to Michigan during the 1850's. Thomas and his family joined them in the 1860's, leaving Henry as the only child of Robert and Sarah to remain in Canada. They probably remained because Mary Ann's parents and siblings were all settled in the area. Eventually, three of Henry and Mary Ann's children also moved to Michigan.

Henry and family were still in Reach Twp. during the 1871, 1881, and the 1891 census where they farmed (note that in 1871 the census taker first wrote that Henry was born in "Devonshire" and Mary Ann in "Cornwall", but then he lined out both places and simply wrote England). Their first nine children were all listed in the 1871 census, and they had two more children during the 1870's. Their eleven children were:

Elizabeth Ann Maynard 1850-1887
William Henry Maynard 1852-1936
Mary Hill Maynard 1854-1908
Thomas James Maynard 1857-1910
Sarah Evelyn Maynard 1858-1886
Margaret J. Maynard 1861-1919 
Robert Joseph Maynard 1866-1944
Elizabeth Matilda Maynard 1868-1895
John Jonathan Maynard 1870-1959
George Alfred Maynard 1873-1928
Edward Michael Maynard 1877-1958
   
Sometime during the late 1870's Henry reportedly purchased a farm in Essex County, Ontario, according to a letter written by his son, John. In 1948 John wrote the following letter to his niece, Sarah Tucker Gould, "Dear Niece, ... You asked where your grand dad and ma were buried. They are buried in Hubbles burying ground near Myrtle, north of Whitby. Lizie and her husband, Julius Seager are in one plot. 4 graves. Sarah is in the ground but a little way from them. Maggie is buried in a church ground called Salem. Your uncle Tom is buried near Uxbridge. Well, that is all I can tell about that. You would like to know where your mother and father got married at. Well, my father bought a farm in Essex County, near where Will lived, and Will and Mary and Tom went to Essex to live on this farm, and clear the land so they were living in Essex at the time they were married. Annie and Mike Tucker went to Essex where Tom and Mary Maynard were living. Will was back home helping father with the threshing machine that fall, so there were only the four there at that time: Elizabeth, born 1 Apr 1850, married Henry Tucker on 31 May 1875; William, born 8 July 1852, married Mary Mole on 14 Nov 1877; Mary, born 22 Aug 1854, married Mike Tucker on 8 Oct 1877; Thomas, born 30 Jan 1857, married Annie Tucker on 3 Oct 1877. All born near Oshawa, Ontario. As there were only four to gather and no other relation near, they may have stood for one another but that is as near as I can tell you. but they were married in Essex County near where Will lived. Hope you can understand. I close with best wishes from your uncle and aunt, John and Ada Maynard. Please write soon. Goodbye for this time. This was taken from the family Bible. I got it when aunt Leatha died and Robert was given up house keeping." 

On 29 April 1892 Mary Ann died at the age of 60 years and two months. Her death record says she committed suicide by swallowing ______ (poison? - the record is illegible at this point). At that time their four youngest sons were still living at home; the youngest child, Edward, would have been 14 at the time. As stated in the letter above, Mary Ann (and later, Henry) was buried in Hubbell's Cemetery near the village of Myrtle in Whitby Township. Both were buried in unmarked graves.

Henry has not been located in the 1901 census, but he died at the age of 82 (death record says he was 84) on 15 Aug 1910 in Whitby, Ontario Co., Ontario, Canada. He died in the County of Ontario House of Refuge. The House of Refuge was built in 1903 and was used to house the poor and the aged. According to the Whitby Public Library it served as a house of refuge until 1951, and was then used as apartments (Fairview Lodge) until a fire in 1972. In the late 1970s it was renovated and converted into luxury apartments (it is located at 300 High Street in Whitby).

County of Ontario House of
                  Refuge about 1906

House of Refuge where Henry was living when he died in 1910
(photo courtesy Whitby Public Library Archives)

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